9 On the death of Sulla, who had imposed this infamous slavery upon you, you believed that your troubles were ended; up rose Catulus, a tyrant far crueller than Sulla. Catilina de salluste by Présenté par Paul Delacroix and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at AbeBooks.com. [2.44] {2.47M}   L  #  A few days later Cotta changed his clothing, giving a very mournful appearance because the people did not support him as he wished, and he addressed the assembly as follows: I have encountered many dangers, fellow citizens, at home and abroad, and many adversities, some of which I have endured, some averted by the gods' help and my own courage; in all these I never lacked resolution to decide or energy to act. . Worn out by these difficulties, the people resorted to violence and attacked both the consuls, while they accompanied Q. Metellus (later called Creticus), who was a candidate for the praetorship, along the Sacred Way. }, when all Gaul this side of the Rhine, between the Mediterranean and the Ocean, had been conquered - except for the areas which were impassable because of swamps. 16 But Sulla says that I am a sower of sedition, because I protest against the rewards paid to civil commotion; a lover of war, because I would reclaim the rights of peace. Everywhere men and women came together along the streets and houses to watch him as he passed by.   |   20.03.14 Nowadays peace and harmony are disturbed openly, defended secretly; those who desire disorder are in arms; you are in fear. . See key to translations for an explanation of the format. He fears peace, hates war; he sees that he must sacrifice luxury and licence, and meanwhile he takes advantage of your indolence. Or if you prefer liberty and justice, pass decrees worthy of your reputation, and thus increase the courage of your brave defenders. . But when it was already fully daytime, the residents learnt from their [fleeing] neighbours that the slaves were heading [in their direction], and [hurried away to the nearby mountains] with all [their families]. 2 If it were possible for you to enjoy lasting peace, if no treacherous foes were near your borders, if to crush the Roman power would not bring you glorious fame, I should not venture to sue for your alliance, and it would be vain for me to hope to unite my misfortunes with your prosperity. after staying there for that day [and the following] night, with the number of [slaves in his army] now doubled, he [moved camp] at first light and [halted] in a fairly wide plain, [where he saw] that the farmers had come out of their buildings. [1.67] {1.77M}   L  { The speech of Philippus in the senate: }   #  I could wish above everything, Fathers of the Senate, that our country might be at peace, or that amidst dangers, it might be defended by its ablest citizens; or at any rate that evil designs should prove the ruin of their contrivers. 6 For my own part, at the very outset, when I saw Etruria conspiring, the proscribed recalled, and the state rent asunder by bribery, I thought that there was no time to be lost and with a few others I followed the standard of Catulus. Then after they had handed over a hundred hostages, according to his instructions, he demanded all the deserters, weapons and military engines. 13 The laws, the courts, the treasury, the provinces, the kings, in fact, the power of life and death over our citizens are in the hands of one man. 9 On the death of Sulla, who had imposed this infamous slavery upon you, you believed that your troubles were ended; up rose Catulus, a tyrant far crueller than Sulla. Are you not ashamed either before men or before the gods, whom you have insulted by your perfidy or perjury? . . 5 In fact, the Romans have one inveterate motive for making war upon all nations, peoples and kings; namely, a deep-seated desire for dominion and for riches. Others set fire to the buildings, and many of the slaves from the district, whose character inclined them to be their allies, brought out the possessions which their masters had hidden, or dragged out their masters themselves. 12 Only bear in mind that it was not for crime or avarice that I was put to death, but that I willingly gave my life as a gift in return for your great favours. 6 You have elected us to the consulship, Romans, at a time when our country, is in dire straits at home and abroad; for our generals in Spain are calling for money, men, arms, and supplies - and they are forced to do so by circumstances, since the defection of our allies and the retreat of Sertorius over the mountains prevent them from either contending in battle or providing for their necessities. You must not delay or look for help from prayers to the gods; unless haply you hope that Sulla is now weary or ashamed of his tyranny and that what he has criminally seized he will with still greater peril resign. This is the Marius who obtained the consulship against the wishes of his mother, as Sallustius relates. It is for this reason that they are making plans to soothe you and at the same time to put you off until the coming of Gnaeus Pompeius, the very man whom they bore upon their necks when they feared him, but presently, their fear dispelled, they tear to pieces. Any comments. 2 But in these present troubles it is different, and along with Fortune everything else has deserted me. De coniuratione Catilinae: Die Verschwörung des Catilina or if it is a sign of their adopted nationality. Textzusammenfassung appeliert an die Moral der Senatoren erinnert sie an mos maiorum Ende von Caesars Rede mit dem entgültigen antrag auf Haft statt auf Hinrichtung mit Bezug auf Lex Porcie römischer Staatsmann und Feldherr, * 138 v. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. . [1.98] {1.107M}   L  Throughout the province there were great and terrible rumours, as everyone in their fright imagined that there were fifty thousand or more of the enemy, monsters of immense size brought in from the edges of the ocean, who fed on human flesh. Books Advanced Search Today's Deals New Releases Amazon Charts Best Sellers & More The Globe & Mail Best Sellers New York Times Best Sellers Best Books of the Month Children's Books Textbooks Kindle Books Advanced About the second watch of the night they all went out of their camp in silence, leaving behind one trumpeter. The ditches were half filled by the large number who were killed, but the rest escaped safely because it was difficult to pursue them by night and the Romans were afraid of ambushes. [1.30] {1.35M}   L  #  When Sulla returned from Asia, he fought against the younger Marius, who was defeated and fled to Praeneste. the more eagerly you seek peace, the more cruel will the war be, when he finds that he can more safely rely upon your fears than upon the justice and righteousness of his cause. A. Novokhatko’s Moscow Ph. 4 I admit that I entered upon this war with more zeal than discretion; for within forty days of the time when I received from you the empty title of commander I had raised and equipped an army and driven the enemy, who were already at the throat of Italy, from the Alps into Spain;   # and over those mountains I had opened for you another and more convenient route than Hannibal had taken. 10 There was an outbreak in the consulship of Brutus and Mamercus {77 B.C. [2.41] {2.43M}   L  #  At the instigation of the same man, P. Lentulus Marcellinus was sent out as quaestor to the new province of Cyrene. . Conjuration De Catilina, La Guerre De Jugurtha, Fragments Des Histoires, Paris, Les Belles-Lettres, 2012.Nous Avons également Consulté L’édition De La Loeb Classical Library: Sallust I, The War With Catiline, The War With Jugurtha, Cambridge (Mass. 17 Do you not know that the Romans turned their arms in this direction only after Ocean had blocked their westward progress? 6 Therefore they have now, one and all, submitted to the mastery of a few men, who, under the pretext of carrying on a war, have taken possession of the treasury, the armies, the kingdoms and the provinces. . Allen, W., Jr. “In Defense of Catiline.” CJ 34 (1938): 70–85. Continue as you have begun, in order that as soon as possible you may meet with your deserts. Berücksichtigen Sie dabei bitte besonders die Gesichtspunkte Inhalt und Struktur, Sprache, Stil, Form sowie Gattung und Motivgeschichte: 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Ubi vos separatim sibi quisque consilium capitis, ubi domi voluptatibus, hic pecuniae Sallust is the earliest known Roman historian with surviving works to his name, of which Catiline's War (about the conspiracy in 63 BC of L. Sergius Catilina), The Jugurthine War (about Rome's war against the Numidian King Jugurtha from 111 to 105 BC), and the Histories … Forces have been levied against you, money extorted from individuals and from the treasury, garrisons removed from one place and stationed in another, the laws interpreted in accordance with caprice, and in the meantime you are preparing to send envoys and make decrees. Citizens were not called "good" or "bad" according to their public conduct, because in that respect they were all equally corrupt; but those who were wealthiest, and most able to inflict harm, were considered "good" because they defended the existing state of affairs. He proposed a law to reclaim the money, which Sulla had remitted to those who bought the possessions {of proscribed men}. Worst of all, he has hitherto been protected by the enormity of his crimes, while you are deterred from trying to recover your liberty by the fear of a still more cruel slavery. Moreover, the property which at that time I bought through fear and paid for I nevertheless restore now to its rightful owners, and it is not my purpose to allow any booty to be taken from the citizens. 10 You are our only resource; unless you come to our rescue, against my will, but not without warning from me, our army will pass over into Italy, bringing with it all the war in Spain. some one of you will say. A few influential men, who had gained the support of the majority, sought absolute power, on the specious pretext of defending the nobles or the plebs. 14 During the delay caused by my siege of Cyzicus with a great army provisions failed me, since no one in the neighbourhood rendered me aid and at the same time winter kept me off the sea. Thus they fight and conquer for the benefit of a few, but whatever happens, the commons are treated as vanquished; and this will be more so every day, so long as your oppressors make greater efforts to retain their mastery than you do to regain your freedom. 10 Or are you waiting for Lepidus to come again with an army and enter our city with fire and sword? . . 14 What then do you advise? 8 Of this situation I warn you and I beg you to give it your attention; do not force me to provide for my necessities on my own responsibility. Gaius Sallustius Crispus (kurz: Sallust) lebte von 86 v. Chr. Most of them are relatively short, but all the longer fragments are translated here. 14 You have even beheld human sacrifices and tombs stained with the blood of citizens. 9 Hence that state of repose and tranquillity combined with freedom, which many good men prized more highly than honours attended with toil, is a thing of the past; 10 in these times one must either be slave or master, one must feel fear, citizens, or inspire it. Besides, when he sat down a statue of Victory was let down by a rope, which placed a crown on his head with the mechanical sound of thunder; and when he arrived he was greeted with incense, like a god. . [2.40] {2.42M}   L  . Maecenas, the other secretary, was on the bottom couch, in between Tarquitius and Perperna, who was the host. [ 3 lines missing ] . gaius sallustius crispus De Catilinae coniuratione [1] Omnis homines, qui sese student praestare ceteris animalibus, summa ope niti decet, ne vitam silentio transeant veluti pecora, quae natura prona atque ventri oboedientia finxit. “ Quantum ingenio possum. You have given up everything in exchange for your present slothfulness, thinking that you have ample freedom because your backs are spared, and because you are allowed to go hither and thither by the grace of your rich masters. Bennett's New Latin Grammar or, better, Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar. Then, having forged an unnatural will, they led his son Aristonicus in triumph like an enemy, because he had tried to recover his father's realm. . Cumae . They also spread saffron on the floor, and prepared everything as if it was in a renowned temple. Although I was separated from their empire on every side by kingdoms and tetrarchies, yet because it was reported that I was rich and that I would not be a slave, they provoked me to war through Nicomedes. 96 Catiline arms his men, forms two legions, refuses the help of the slaves 97 News of the execution of the conspirators reaches Catiline’s camp, his men begin to desert 99 Final speech of Catiline, ad Socios Argumentum. Lentulus, a patrician whose surname was Clodianus, was more stupid or arrogant. . 2 As to his satellites, I cannot sufficiently wonder that men bearing great names, made great by the deeds of distinguished ancestors, are willing to purchase dominion over you with their own slavery, and prefer these two things joined with injustice to living free with the best of right. . . And these arms he took up in defiance of all human and divine law, not in order to avenge his own wrongs or the wrongs of those whom he pretends to represent, but to overthrow our laws and our liberty. Neither the provinces, nor the laws, nor your country's gods tolerate you as a citizen. 3 By the immortal gods! But these acts they certainly committed in vain, if it was their intention to put an end to their mastery before you did to your slavery; especially since in these civil dissensions, although other motives were alleged, the real object of the contest on both sides was to determine who should be your masters. 15 mb, 6 x 9 in., 22Aug18) Above is a link to the 1st edition of Sallust's Bellum Catilinae. Are you influenced by the demands of Lepidus? 20 The Romans have weapons against all men, the sharpest where victory yields the greatest spoils; it is by audacity, by deceit, and by joining war to war that they have grown great. But those who lauded the great deeds of the Aemilian family, and the clemency which had made the Roman people great, said that even then Lepidus had taken no decisive step, although he had taken up arms on his own responsibility to crush out liberty; and thus while seeking power or protection for themselves each of them perverted the public counsels. 21 A new army is ready, besides the colonies of veterans, all the nobles, and the best leaders; fortune attends the stronger; soon the forces which our negligence has assembled will melt away. When I, therefore, without compulsion from the enemy, attempted to return into my kingdom, I lost the best of my soldiers and my fleets by shipwrecks at Parium and at Heracleia. Then at a given signal, towards the end of the second watch, they went into battle on every side at once. As it is, they are on their guard, and if you do not gain the victory, they will hold you in tighter bonds, since the greater the injustice, the greater its safety. 16 That supreme power of the consuls, and those potent decrees of the senate, you yourselves ratify, citizens, by executing them; and you hasten voluntarily to increase and strengthen their despotism over you. Author of Catilina, Sallust, Bellum Catilinae, Sallust, Florus, and Velleius Paterculus, Bellum Jugurthinum, De Bello Catilinario Et Jugurthino, Jugurtha, Conspiracy of Catiline and the Jugurthine War 12 Therefore the other struggles, inspired as they were by licence, by hatred, or by avarice, blazed up for a time only; one issue only has persisted, which has been the aim of both sides and has been taken away from you for the future: the tribunician power, a weapon given to you by your ancestors, with which to defend your liberties. On the top couch was Antonius, and Versius, the secetary of Sertorius, was below him. it is uncertain whether . or to Iolaus . 17 But you, Fathers of the Senate, how long will your hesitation leave your country undefended, and how long will you meet arms with words? From dread of a similar fate, envoys soon arrived from Isaura Nova to seek peace; they promised to give hostages and to obey all commands. In the Celtiberian war and . But, by Heaven! Then he advised them to go off into more open countryside, richer in cattle, where they could increase their numbers with picked men, before Varinius returned with a new army. and then they would be cut off [during their journey] and wiped out . 17 Of course! But on the contrary, everything is in disorder as the result of civil dissensions, which are aroused by those whose duty it rather was to suppress them; and finally, the wise and good are forced to do what the worst and most foolish of men have resolved. Sallustius mentions this at the beginning of the first book of his History. Sallust: Catilinarische Verschwörung (Catilinas Charakter, Sall.Cat.5); Lateinischer Text und deutsche und griechische Übersetzung, Catilinas Charakter Nos personalia non concoquimus. Nothing was sacred or inviolable to these men, who had the savagery of barbarians and the temperament of slaves. For of a truth Nature has appointed one and the same end for all, even for those encased in steel, and no one awaits the last necessity, daring nothing, unless he has the heart of a woman. Chr., † 78 v. Chr. they turned onto an impassable route. . . do you think that I can play the part of a treasury or maintain an army without food or pay? Actions speak louder than words. 6 When Antiochus came to his aid, they craftily diverted him from his purpose by the surrender of Asia, and then, after Philippus' power had been broken, Antiochus was robbed of all the territory this side Taurus, and of ten thousand talents. But the consuls distributed the provinces which had been decreed by the senate, Cotta taking Hither Gaul and Octavius taking Cilicia. The Bellum Catilinae is often read alongside Cicero's First Catilinarian in 3rd year… 16 Since such is your character, I urge you to be true to your purpose and to retain your arms, lest by deferring your rebellious plans you may be uneasy yourself and keep us in a ferment. After a few days had already been spent inconclusively, the Ligurian forces [withdrew] into the Alps. . . These are the men who rouse rebellion after rebellion, war after war, followers now of Saturninus, then of Sulpicius, next of Marius and Damasippus, and now of Lepidus. After that, the nobles began to rule the plebs like their slaves, making decisions about their lives and bodies in the manner of kings; and confiscating their land, so that the nobles alone exercised power, with the others excluded. However while he was alive he displayed the evidence of these achievements in his appearance, with several wounds on his front including the loss of an eye. I do what our ancestors often did in adverse wars; I consecrate myself and offer my life for my country. HINWEIS: Alle Übersetzungen, die auf Lateinheft.de veröffentlicht wurden dürfen nicht als die eigenen ausgeben werden. 4 For Tigranes is at your mercy and will accept an alliance on any terms which you may desire, while so far as I am concerned, although Fortune has deprived me of much, she has bestowed upon me the experience necessary for giving good advice; and since I am no longer at the height of my power, I shall serve as an example of how you may conduct your own affairs with more prudence, a lesson highly advantageous to the prosperous. [ 5 lines missing ] . 22 Therefore this is my recommendation: whereas Marcus Lepidus, in defiance of the authority of this body and in concert with the worst enemies of their country, is leading against this city an army raised on his own authority, therefore be it resolved that Appius Claudius the interrex, with Quintus Catulus, the proconsul and others who have military power, shall defend the city and see to it that no harm come to our country. The feasts were most exotic, with many kinds of birds and animals which were previously unknown, brought not only from throughout the province, but over the sea from Mauretania. . now and tormented those who remained in a shocking way with horrible wounds, and sometimes left their mutilated bodies still half alive. 2 But as it is, I have only to encourage you and to precede you on the road which, in my opinion, leads to the recovery of your liberties. He took great pride in this disfigurement of his body, and was not ashamed of his wounds, because they showed how gloriously he had preserved the rest of his body. 13 As for me, I soon learned that the peace afforded by civil dissensions at Rome was really only a postponement of the struggle, and although Tigranes refused to join with me (he now admits the truth of my prediction when it is too late), though you were far away, and all the rest had submitted, I nevertheless renewed the war and routed Marcus Cotta, the Roman general, on land at Chalcedon, while on the sea I stripped him of a fine fleet. . In the meantime our revenues, made scanty and uncertain by war, barely suffice for a part of our expenditures; hence the fleet which we keep upon the sea is much smaller than the one which formerly safeguarded our supplies. Some find it useful. At first, the fighting took place in great confusion as they hurled weapons haphazardly through the darkness of the night. . Later, when the Romans deliberately did not respond with either weapons or shouting, the enemy believed that they either were overcome with fright or had abandoned the fortifications, and the swiftest of them eagerly rushed into the ditches and then up the rampart.